6 Common Types of Surgeries for Fertility Problems


To avoid a more invasive type of fertility surgery, many of our families opt for laparoscopy–which is a surgical procedure using a fiber optic scope. This scope is inserted into small incisions near a patient’s navel during bariatric surgeries, gallbladder removals, and (of course), fertility treatments. If you’ve struggled with endometriosis, cyst/fibroid removals, or a lodged IUD, laparoscopy can be a wonderful option without involving a large incision or excess scar tissue. 


If your fertility specialist or physician is concerned with abnormal bleeding, they might suggest you consider a hysteroscopy. This procedure allows your doctor to view the inside of your uterus to diagnose the abnormal bleeding and treat the cause. It is done by using a thin, lighted tube to examine the cervix and the inside of the uterus. For women diagnosed with polyps, fibroids, adhesions, or heavy/lengthy menstrual flow, a hysteroscopy can provide answers and a more informed treatment plan to increase fertility.

Tubal Surgery

If your doctor believes blocked fallopian tubes may be a culprit contributing to your infertility, tubal surgery has the potential to alleviate possible blockages. This is especially true if you have a history of infections, abdominal surgery, endometriosis, or another cause of scar tissue in your fallopian tubes. Your specialist will likely use a liquid visible to x-rays in your womb to determine if there is a true blockage of your fallopian tubes. If so, they can continue with a tubal surgery that identifies and corrects the specific areas of blockage in the affected tube.

Tubal surgery can also refer to “tubal ligation reversal,” which is a procedure to restore fertility after a previous elective tubal ligation.

Other Variations of Surgeries for Fertility Problems

While the three procedures listed above are some of the most common, you might also hear about these lesser known fertility surgeries:

  • THL: transvaginal hydroplaparoscopy, or a minimally invasive surgery to treat PCOS using an electrode
  • Salpingoscopy: an endoscopic technique that allows your doctor to explore tubal mucosa and tubal infertility
  • Falloposcopy: a procedure in which a doctor uses a micro-endoscope (or catheter) to view the cervix, uterus, and fallopian tubes

When you’re ready to talk through your unique story and get the answers you’ve been hoping for, we’re here for you. Make an appointment with us today for a free phone consultation with our fertility specialists.