Endometriosis occurs when the layer of tissue that normally covers the inside of the uterus grows in other parts of the body. This is most commonly found on the ovaries or fallopian tubes, but in rare cases can be found on the bowels, liver, lungs, diaphragm, or even the brain. Up to 35-50% of women experience fertility challenges as a result of endometriosis.
Endometrial tissue growing on the ovaries can prevent ovulation, while tissue growing on the fallopian tubes can prevent eggs from being fertilized or reaching the uterus. Another symptom of endometriosis can be pain during ovulation as well as during your period, and depending on the location of the endometrial tissue throughout the pelvic cavity, pain during bowel movements, urination, exercise, and intercourse.
Treatment options will vary. Before you are ready to try to get pregnant, symptom management is usually the most recommended course of action. When you are trying to get pregnant, minor surgery may be recommended to clear away the endometrial tissue from your reproductive organs.